Robert Adam, neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.
Joseph Black, chemist and physician.
James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, judge, philosopher and early scholar of linguistic evolution.
Robert Burns, poet and inspirational figure for romantics and radicals alike.
Adam Ferguson, philosopher, sociologist and social historian.
David Hume, hugely influential philosopher and historian.
Frances Hutcheson, Irish philosopher, teacher of Adam Smith and founding father of the Enlightenment.
James Hutton, geologist, naturalist, chemist and experimental farmer.
John Kay, cartoonist and satirist.
John Millar, historian, philosopher and Professor of Civil Law at the University of Glasgow.
John Playfair, scientist and mathematician, redrafted and expanded upon Hutton’s geological works.
Henry Raeburn, artist specialising in portraits.
Thomas Reid, philosopher and founder of the school of Common Sense.
Adam Smith, author of The Wealth of Nations, known as the father of modern economics.
Dugald Stewart, philosopher, historian and political theorist.
James Watt, inventor, creator of the modern steam engine and father of the industrial revolution.
These great Scots, as well as spending hours debating their own ideas, also found time to admire the works of other hugely influential minds across the globe. From a hundred miles south, in England, across the Channel in mainland Europe, to across the Atlantic Ocean, the works of many other great thinkers graced the Edinburgh Coffee House.
Thomas Paine, English political theorist, author of The Rights of Man.
Benjamin Franklin, polymath, “Founding Father” of the United States.
Thomas Jefferson, another “Founding Father” and political theorist.
Erasmus Darwin, physician, botanist and grandfather of Charles Darwin.